The pristine reserve, a World Heritage Site since 1982, comprises an area of 55,000 sq. km, covering about six per cent of Tanzania's land surface. Larger than Switzerland, it is the world's largest game reserve and second only to the Serengeti in its concentration of wildlife. It is also the sanctuary of the biggest elephant herd in the world, about 32,000 elephants live in the reserve - 70 per cent of those in Tanzania. The reserve is difficult to describe without the use of superlatives.

The game sanctuary is one of the largest protected areas in the world and runs in almost five regions of Tanzania, Coastal region, Lindi, Mtwara, Morogoro, and Ruvuma covering an area of more than 50, 000 square kilometers. It is located in the south-east of Tanzania. Today Selous game Reserve is the single largest game reserve of Africa, probably in the world. Geography: The main geographical feature in Selous game Reserve is the Ruahariver and its tributaries the Great Ruaha River and Kilombero River.

It is well fed by different rivers, tributaries and streams. The vegetation's in Selous Game Reserve varies remarkably. Savannah wooded grassland and deciduous Miombo woodland dominate most of the reserve. It is also covered by dense thorn bushes and ground water forests as well as rocky outcrops.


Selous Game Reserve contains the world's largest concentrations of elephants and buffalo. Other animals include leopard and African wild dogs (the reserve has one third of world population of wild dogs), as well as lions. The muddy RufijiRiveris full of hippo and Massive crocodiles variety of bird life: fish eagle, African Skimmer, waders, herons, kingfisher and weavers. Antelopes, white bearded wildebeest and giraffes are commonly seen north side of the river.

Selous game reserve Covers 5 percent of Tanzania's land area, though a tourist area has been set aside on the species-rich north bank of the Rufiji River where the widest diversity of the Reserve's animals exists. Hunting is prohibited in this area. only walking excursions, game drive, river boat safaris are encouraged.

Birding in Selous Game Reserve

Selous Game Reserve birdlife is largely influenced with the Rufiji River, the huge variety of birds drawn to this area. The river and is natural features, which range fromsandbanks, oxbow lakes, lagoons, islands and channels is a magnet for birds and other wildlife. For example, Lake Nzerkela and Tagalala harbors storks, herons, terns and many migrant waders.

A Short Bird Checklist of Selous Game Reserve

Mangrove kingfisher, non-South African lifer – long-tailed fiscal and spotted-flanked barbet, red-faced Crombec, green-capped eremomela, a pearl-spotted owl, red-winged warbler, waders, African skimmers,

palm-nut vulture, wattle-eyed flycatchers, Layard's black-headed weavers, purple-banded sunbird, Dickinson's kestrel, red-throated twinspot and spotted-flanked barbet, Sterling's barred warbler, grey Penduline-tit, green-capped eremomela, a pearl-spotted owl, Arnot's chat, Von der Decken's hornbill, Bennett's woodpecker, mosque swallow, white helmet-shrikes, red-throated twinspot, brown-breasted barbet, broad-billed roller, freckled nightjar, green-billed coucal, Boehm's bee-eater, red-billed helmetshrike, Livingstone's flycatcher, black cuckoo-shrike, yellow-bellied bulbul, and grey-hooded kingfisher.

Other Activities

There is also an exceptional river rafting safari (we do not operating it) Game Fishing in Selous Game Reserve; the Rufiji River waters are full of fish, though the fishes to target are the tiger fish and the cat fish. The tiger is a fish that is famous for being a fighter with heart, and having the tools to back it up. This particular species is plentiful in the waters of Selous Game Reserve grows to a size of 15 kilos, 5-10 being the average caught. The second species is the cat fish. These can grow to be monsters; they can grow to be fifty kilos

Game Drive:

This is done by safari vehicle and allows you to explore large area and go far from the camp/lodge. It is more secured from wildlife than the other activities.